Diagram of Nucleic Acids

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) are biopolymers named nucleic acids, made from monomers known as nucleotides1. Each nucleotide has three components: a 5-carbon sugar (in DNA deoxyribose, and in RNA ribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. Many coarse-grained models divide nucleic acids in this way2,3.

Figure: Components of nucleic acids.

Figure: Base pairing of nucleic acids.

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleic_acid ↩︎

  2. Hyeon C, Thirumalai D. Mechanical Unfolding of RNA Hairpins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 2005, 102, 6789–6794. ↩︎

  3. Knotts TA et al. A Coarse Grain Model for DNA. J. Chem. Phys., 2007, 126, 084901. ↩︎


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